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Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis Causes

In most recorded medical cases, the underlying cause of this disease is undetermined. However, acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis may possibly follow upper respiratory infection among young adults. The condition may also be associated with several types of cancer such as leukemia, and is also known to occur more on women between ages 30-50.

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis Definition

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is more popularly known as Sweet's syndrome, which is a type of skin disorder characterized by sudden appearance of painful skin lesions and fever. This condition often appear on the patient's back, face, arms or neck and red bumps may rapidly increase in size and can possibly progress to blisters.

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis Diagnosis

Sweet's syndrome can be detected with the distinctive rashes, which are painful and tender and can rapidly increase in size and progress to blisters. Blood samples can also be examined to check if there is an abnormal rise of white blood cells, one of the characteristic of Sweet's syndrome. Tissue samples can also be taken (biopsy of the affected area) to determine the characteristic abnormalities associated with this skin disorder.

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis Symptoms and Signs

The skin lesions is the primary and most obvious sign of this medical condition. The bumps, which are also called plaques can grow to a centimeter in diameter or even larger, and often appear on the neck, back, face and arms. Another indicators include pink eye (conjunctivitis), fatigue, moderate to high fever, headache and aching joints and mouth ulcers.

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis Treatment

In cases where Sweet's syndrome is not associated with malignancy, the skin disorder may disappear on its own without treatment. However, with the right treatment, skin lesions and other associated symptoms can dramatically disappear in 2-3 days. Doctors normally prescribe some systemic corticosteroids, oral anti-inflammatory medications that effectively lessen itching, redness, allergic reactions and swelling. Your doctor may also include intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen sodium to relieve and reduce symptoms such as headache and fever.

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