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Adrenal hyperplasia

Adrenal hyperplasia Causes

The particular defects that cause the congenital adrenal hyperplasia include the autosomal recessive disorders that may be due to deficient activity of a protein that is involved in cortisol and aldosterone. In majority of the cases, CAH is mainly due to a deletion or mutation of the particular gene that codes for the protein.

Adrenal hyperplasia Definition

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) generally refers to several autosomal recessive medical conditions that are results from some biochemical pathway of the steroidogenesis of the cortisol from cholesterol by the patient's adrenal glands. Majority of these conditions involve lesser or greater production of sex steroids and can also greatly alter the development of primary and secondary sex characteristics in affected individuals.

Adrenal hyperplasia Diagnosis

Among the most prominent clinical clues include the patient's abnormal weight loss, and signs of electrolyte abnormalities

Adrenal hyperplasia Symptoms and Signs

Patients displaying non-sever symptoms include normal genitalia at birth, although clitoromegaly and pubic hair tend to appear in early childhood. Other indicators include high blood pressure and hypokalemia.

Adrenal hyperplasia Treatment

For infants born with ambiguous genitalia are required to be closely observed for any symptoms of salt wasting while a diagnosis is being established. For patients suffering from dehydration and hyponatremia should receive intravenous fluid containing isotonic sodium chloride

Drugs used for treatment of Adrenal hyperplasia


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