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Anosmia



Anosmia Causes


Infection or a stuffy nose usually causes temporary Anosmia. However, permanent Anosmia is caused by brain injury that affected the olfactory nerve, which is responsible for processing smell. Permanent Anosmia can also be caused by excessive use of nasal spray and nasal polyps, which are found in people with histories of sinusitis and allergies. Other causes of Anosmia include smoking, head trauma, toxins, dementia with Lewy bodies, old age, laryngectomy, old age, esthesioneuroblastoma and upper respiratory tract infection, such as common cold and sinusitis.


Anosmia Definition


Anosmia is a condition wherein patients experience the loss of temporary or permanent ability to smell. Hyposmia is a related condition wherein patients experience a decrease in their ability to smell, while “hyperosmia” is a condition that causes an increase in the patient's ability to smell. However, when a person loses his sense of smell for a particular odor, he is suffering from a genetically based disorder called “specific anosmia”. “Congenital Anosmia” refers to the condition wherein a person is born without the sense of smell. Anosmia can be associated with other conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, zinc deficiency, cadmium poisoning, allergies, Refsum disease, holoprosencephaly, Alzheimer's disease, Kallman syndrome and Parkinson's disease.


Anosmia Effects


Anosmia can affect patients significantly. For patients who develop anosmia suddenly, they may find food less appetizing. Loss of smell could also become a hindrance to the detection of fire, spoiled food, gas leaks and body odor. Since losing established and sentimental smell memory, such as smell of a loved one, could be a huge change in a person’s life, most patients with Anosmia develop feelings of depression. Some Anosmia patients also experience loss of libido, which may even lead to impotency in younger men.


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