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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Definition

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia it is a kind of hemolytic anemia where in the immune system of the body that attacks its own red blood cells (RBCs) which leads to the destruction of the red blood cell which is called as hemolysis. On the RBC's surface antibodies and related complement system components become permanent. With anti-globulin test the antibodies can be noticed also referred to as the direct Coombs test. Methyl-dopa and flaurabine drugs can induce AIHA.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Prognosis

Usually in young children it is temporary and self-limiting which happens within 3 months caused by an earlier viral infection but constant/chronic types can last longer.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Subtypes

Warm AIHA Idiopathic Systemic lupus erythematosus Evans' syndrome (antiplatelet antibodies and haemolytic antibodies) Chronic lymphocytic leukemia Drugs (methyldopa) Cold AIHA Idiopathic cold hemagglutinin syndrome Infectious mononucleosis Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (rare) Lymphoma

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Symptoms and Signs

Anemia Hemolytic anemia A - state that is distinguished by anemia because of the red blood cell's destruction.

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