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Basal ganglia diseases

Basal ganglia diseases Definition

Basal ganglia diseases or also known as basal nuclei are a collection of nuclei in the brain interrelated with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem.

Basal ganglia diseases Naming

The terms specified to the different nuclei of the basal ganglia are different in unusual species: For instance, the "internal segment of the globus pallidus" in primates is referred to as the "entopenduncular nucleus" in rodents. The "striatum" and "external segment of the globus pallidus" in primates is referred to as the "paleostriatum augmentatum" and "paleostriatum primitivum" correspondingly in birds. Through phylogeny an obvious developing issue in relative anatomy of the basal ganglia is the growth of this system as a convergent cortically re-entrant ring in concurrence with the growth and development of the cortical mantle. Regarding the amount to which convergent careful dispensation happens against separated similar dispensation inside re-entrant congested loops of the basal ganglia a controversy arises.

Basal ganglia diseases Symptoms and Signs

Psychiatric symptoms and behavioral and personality changes which results to an increased stress to the patient and the care giver so extra care is needed. For psychiatric symptoms it must not be sought as a peripheral feature of a movement disorder rather embodies essential and inherent features of the disorder and may even symbolize major features of the medical syndrome.

Basal ganglia diseases Terminology

The term "basal ganglia" is plural its singular form of the word ganglia is ganglion. Ganglion refers to a somatic cluster in the secondary nervous system, while the basal ganglia are in the central nervous system (CNS). The somatic cluster in the CNS is referred to as a nucleus, so several neuro-anatomists refer to the basal ganglia as the "basal nuclei".

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