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Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer Causes

Bladder cancer occurs when healthy cells in the bladder develop mutations leading to the development of abnormal cells that can grow out and outnumber healthy cells which can result to the formation of tumor.

Bladder Cancer Definition

Bladder Cancer is a type of cancer occurring in the bladder, which is the organ in the pelvic region responsible for storing urine. Bladder cancer usually starts in the cells lining the inside of the bladder.

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

Cystoscopy involves inserting a cystoscope in the urethra to get a view of the inside of the bladder and urethra. Urine cytology is carried out to check presence of cancer cells. Computerized Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging can provide the doctor a clearer view of the bladder and urethra.

Bladder Cancer Symptoms and Signs

Blood in the urine can sometimes be bright red or cola colored in appearance. Frequent and painful urination usually occurs in combination with pain in the back and abdominal region. Infection in the urinary tract of the patient often comes with the disease.

Bladder Cancer Treatment

Surgery procedures to remove cancerous cells are often recommended by physicians. Chemotherapy can kill cancer with the use of drugs either before operation or after operation to reduce the size of the cancer cells that might be left after the operation. Radiation therapy destructs cancer cells with the use of high-energy beams.

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