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Bladder Infection

Bladder Infection Causes

Bladder infections are caused by bacterial invasion of the urinary tract. Normally, urine contains a number of fluids, salts, and waste products; however, it does not contain bacteria. When bacterium invades the bladder and multiplies in the urine, it causes a bladder infection. An organism known as Escherichia coli, or E. coli, is the most common bacterium that infects the urinary tract.

Bladder Infection Definition

Bladder infection pertains to a bacterial infection affecting part or parts of the urinary tract. It is also alternatively known as urinary tract infection or UTI.

Bladder Infection Diagnosis

Bladder infections are diagnosed based on clinical presentations, medical history, and a number of diagnostic tests, including: urine analysis, cystoscopy, and imaging tests such as an ultrasound and x-ray.

Bladder Infection Symptoms and Signs

Bladder infection manifests with the following common symptoms: a burning or painful sensation during urination; a persistent and often uncontrollable urge to urinate; hematuria or the presence of blood in the urine; frequent leaks of small amounts of urine; foul odor in the urine; general discomfort in the pelvic region; pressure in the lower abdomen; and low-grade fever.

Bladder Infection Treatment

In general, bladder infections are treated with antibiotics to target the invading bacteria as well as treat the underlying cause. Medications may also be recommended to alleviate pain and other symptoms.

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