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Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency

Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency Causes

The condition is caused by a damaged cortex resulting in the insufficient production of hormones.

Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency Definition

Adrenal insufficiency, also known as Addison's disease or hypocortisolism, is a disorder resulting from the adrenal glands' insufficient production of certain hormones.

Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency Diagnosis

Doctors take note of the patient's medical history as well as the signs and symptoms. If they suspect chronic adrenal insufficiency, the patient undergoes tests such as blood test, ACTH stimulation test, and imaging tests.

Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency Symptoms and Signs

The disorder shows signs and symptoms that usually develop slowly or suddenly. Such symptoms may include a weakness of the muscle and fatigue, weight loss and decreased appetite, hyperpigmentation, low blood pressure, hypoglycemia, nausea, diarrhea or vomiting, irritability, or depression. Signs and symptoms of acute adrenal failure may also include lower back pain as well as pain in the abdomen or legs, severe vomiting and diarrhea that lead to dehydration, low blood pressure, or loss of consciousness.

Chronic Adrenal Insufficiency Treatment

Early diagnosis of the disorder involves taking prescription corticosteroids to replace the body's hormone deficiency. The hormones are taken orally mimicking the normal hormone production of the body, which minimizes side effects. A patient facing a stressful situation, such as an operation or an infection will have an increased dosage. Patients that cannot take oral medication may use corticosteroid injections.

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