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Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic Kidney Failure Causes

Chronic illnesses in a period of years result to progressive kidney damage. Common causes of chronic kidney failure may include diabetes, high blood pressure, obstructive nephropathy, kidney diseases, kidney artery stenosis, overexposure to toxins and some medications.

Chronic Kidney Failure Definition

Chronic kidney failure is a form of kidney failure which develops gradually with few signs and symptoms in the early stages. Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys are unable to filter fluid and waste resulting in their accumulation to dangerous levels in the body.

Chronic Kidney Failure Diagnosis

The patient is suspected of having chronic kidney failure, the doctor recommends urine and blood tests to check for increased levels of waste products, such as urea and creatinine. Chest X-ray is also use to see retained fluid in the lungs. Other tests may also be done to rule out other possible causes for the signs and symptoms. Ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, and kidney biopsy also help confirm the diagnosis. End-stage kidney disease is confirmed when there are consistent high levels of urea and creatinine showing in blood tests.

Chronic Kidney Failure Symptoms and Signs

Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney failure are oftentimes attributed to other illnesses and may only be appear when irreversible damage has already occurred. Such signs and symptoms may include high blood pressure, unexplained weight loss, nausea or vomiting, and anemia.

Chronic Kidney Failure Treatment

The condition does not have a cure. Treatment only controls the signs and symptoms as well as reduces complications, and delays the condition's progress. Patients are advised to take proper diet and avoid substances that can be toxic to the kidneys. Medications to treat complications such as anemia may also be prescribed. For end-stage kidney disease patients, dialysis or a kidney transplant are only options.

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