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Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Causes

The condition emerges from a multifaceted mutation process that involves genes and chromosomes in the blood cells. The process involves Philadelphia chromosome and irregular white blood cells.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Definition

Chronic myelogenous leukemia or CML is a rare kind of blood cell cancer. It is considered as chronic leukemia due to its slow progression pattern, sometimes over a period of years. CML isn't solid tumor that may be removed surgically. Fortunately, prognosis for individuals with CML might be improving due to new medications for treatment of the condition.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Diagnosis

Diagnosis of the condition can be done through certain procedures and tests. The most usual diagnostic procedures include physical exam, bone marrow exam, complete blood count, imaging tests, FISH analysis, and polymerase chain reaction.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms can differ depending on cancer stage before treatment starts. Early signs include weight loss, appetite loss, fever, fatigue, fullness or pain under the rib's left side, and excessive sweating when sleeping. Advanced symptoms include anemia, breath shortness, anemia, pale skin, fatigue, easy bleeding, frequent infections, joint pain, bone pain, bruising, stroke, and petechiae.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment

People with CML have several options for treatment including targeted medications, chemotherapy, clinical trials, biological therapy, and stem cell transplant.

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