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Chronic Renal Failure

Chronic Renal Failure Causes

Some major causes of chronic renal failure are high blood pressure and diabetes. Other causes include disorders that permanently damage nephrons, such as Polycystic Kidney Disease, Interstitial Nephritis, and Glomerulonephritis.

Chronic Renal Failure Definition

Chronic renal failure is the progressive and steady loss of the kidney's capability of excreting waste, concentrating urine, and conserving electrolytes. It's defined as permanent decrease in Glormerular Filtration Rate or GFR. This decrease in GFR is adequate enough to produce noticeable alterations in organ function and well-being. The condition is also known as Chronic Kidney Failure.

Chronic Renal Failure Diagnosis

The disease can be diagnosed through neuroligic examination, urine and blood tests, ultrasonography, and kidney biopsy.

Chronic Renal Failure Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms typically develop in a very gradual manner. Initial signs can include fatigue, headache, frequent hiccups, vomiting, nausea, generalized itching, and unintentional loss of weight. Later symptoms may include blood in stools or in vomit, decreased alertness, drowsiness, delirium, confusion, decreased sensation, cramps, seizures, and white crystals present on or in the skin.

Chronic Renal Failure Treatment

Diseases that may aggravate or cause chronic renal failure must be treated promptly. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, and any kind of obstruction in one's urinary tract should be relieved or removed. Medications or blood transfusions might be required to treat anemia. Fluids can be restricted, oftentimes to the quantity equivalent to the amount of produced urine. Kidney transplant or dialysis may sooner or later be required.

Drugs used for treatment of Chronic Renal Failure


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