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Cogan Syndrome

Cogan Syndrome Causes

The cause of the disease is unknown, but one theory says it's an ?autoimmune disorder' wherein the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks ear and eye tissue.

Cogan Syndrome Definition

Cogan syndrome is defined as a rheumatic disease that may lead to hearing loss, dizziness, and vision difficulty. The syndrome can also be linked to blood-vessel swelling in other parts of the body; this may cause damage of major organs and even death.

Cogan Syndrome Diagnosis

Cogan syndrome is diagnosed after a doctor finds the common problem combinations linked to the disease in the inner ear and eye. Doctors will rule out infection as cause of symptom, and evaluate the nervous system.

Cogan Syndrome Symptoms and Signs

The most usual indications include light-sensitive, red, painful eyes, blurry vision, poor balance, vomiting, nausea, vertigo, fatigue, weight loss, fever, and hearing loss that can turn permanent and profound. In rare cases, symptoms include rash, arm pain, chest pain, breath shortness, and enlarged lymph nodes.

Cogan Syndrome Treatment

Treatment options vary, depending on symptoms. Mild-eye disease can be treated using anti-inflammatory medicines, such as NSAIDs and steroids; other treatment for the symptom includes oral antibiotics and immunosuppressive medications. Inner ear excess fluid that cause balance problems are treated with prescribed diuretic drugs, which will increase urination and remove body fluid. Cochlear implants and corneal transplant are also options for treatment.

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