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Colitis Causes

Various processes of diseases like chronic and acute infections are among of some causes of colitis. The lack of blood flow contributes to the incidence of the disease.

Colitis Definition

Colitis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract primarily distinguished by colon inflammation. The disease causes sores and swellings, known as ulcers, in the large intestines' top layer lining.

Colitis Diagnosis

A thorough examination of the rectum is given to test and monitor blood from stool and other anal changes. Laboratory test like stool samples, blood test, full blood count and x-rays are conducted. Procedures like Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy are performed to evaluate the condition.

Colitis Symptoms and Signs

People with colitis experience cramps on lower abdomen. Other symptoms include recurrent loose bowel movements accompanied with blood and rectal bleeding, fever, diarrhea, and loss of appetite resulting to excessive loss of weight. If chronic inflammatory bowel disease is further developed, then the occurrence of neck and joint pains, kidney and liver problems, as well pain in the eye and skin rashes manifests.

Colitis Treatment

Treatment may vary depending on how serious the disease is. General anti-inflammatory medications and antibiotics are administered to the patient. Treatment like Mesalamine and other drugs reduce and control swelling. In severe cases, surgery is often required to remove the damaged colon and create pouch from portions of the small intestine. An effective way to treat and ease the symptoms of colitis is to have a healthy diet, avoiding carbohydrate-rich foods.

Drugs used for treatment of Colitis


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