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Concussion Causes

A concussion is usually caused by a blow to the head, which causes the brain to slide forcefully against the skull's inner wall.

Concussion Definition

Concussion is a condition that interferes with how the brain works affecting a person's memory, speech, judgment, balance, and coordination.

Concussion Diagnosis

A person has concussion if he or she becomes dazed or has been knocked out due to a blow to the head. The doctor evaluates the accident and performs a neurological exam to check your memory and concentration, vision, hearing, balance, coordination and reflexes. Post-concussion damage is assessed through a computerized tomography scan.

Concussion Symptoms and Signs

An individual with concussion may show signs of confusion and amnesia. Symptoms of the condition may not manifest immediately such as mood and cognitive disturbances, sensitivity to light and noise, and sleeping disturbances. Other symptoms may be a headache, dizziness, ringing in the ears, slurred speech, and nausea or vomiting. The condition may also nonverbal symptoms such as listlessness, irritability, change in eating or sleeping patterns, loss of balance, and lack of interest.

Concussion Treatment

A person with concussion needs to rest to recover. For symptoms such as headaches, the individual is advised to take acetaminophen or ibuprofen but reminded to avoid aspirin because it increases the risk of bleeding.

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