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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Causes

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is caused by an inherited genetic defect that is a result of a significantly decreased formation of a particular enzyme called 21-hydroxylase. This will result to a reduction of the hormonal production by the adrenal glands. The severity and degree of the disease is largely influenced by the level of enzyme deficiency. s

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Definition

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is characterized by a number of genetic conditions that directly affects the adrenal glands. This medical condition can significantly interfere with normal development and growth among children. This includes the normal development of the patient's genitals, both affecting men and women.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Diagnosis

Physical examination and careful evaluation of the symptoms are the primary basis of the diagnosis. This can be further confirmed though urine and blood tests to efficiently measure the exact level of hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Symptoms and Signs

Among the common indicators of congenital adrenal hyperplasia may vary from mild cases to severe one can include severe acne, fatigue, shorter height, low blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, obesity, low bone density as well as abnormally slow recovery from infections.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Treatment

Treatments include medication such as dexamethasone or hydrocortisone. In certain cases, this medical condition may require multiple medications and may also require reconstructive surgery for patients with ambiguous external sex organs.

Drugs used for treatment of Congenital adrenal hyperplasia


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