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Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Causes

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia typically occurs during the lung development stage called pseudoglandular. This is often associated to a number of bronchial generations such as alveoli and several arterial generations. This condition is believed to be a cause of the mutation of gene and chromosome abnormalities. Just recently, medical studies have shown the deletion of the 8p,1q and 15q are directly related to congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Definition

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is the medical term used to refer to a number of different congenital birth defects that usually involve the highly abnormal development of the child's diaphragm. Among the most common deformity in majority of the cases is malformation of the diaphragm. Newborns with CDH typically suffer from severe respiratory pain which is considered as a life-threatening case unless treatment is administered appropriately.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Diagnosis

Clinical tests include ABG measurements, chromosome studies through skin biopsy, chest radiography, cardiac ultrasonography, and renal and cranial ultrasonography.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Symptoms and Signs

Infants suffering from congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently show signs of a barrel-shaped chest, scaphoid abdomen, and several symptoms of respiratory distress such grunting respirations, retractions, and cyanosis.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Treatment

Medical Care for patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia include the attachment of the orogastric tube, use of mechanical ventilation strategies, alkanization, as well as possible fetal lung surgery including lung transplantation.

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