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Congenital hip Dysplasia



Congenital hip Dysplasia Causes


Familial tendency are noted in many clinical studies regarding congenital hip dysplasia.


Congenital hip Dysplasia Definition


Congenital hip dysplasia is abnormal formation of the hip joint wherein the ball on top of the thighbone is not stable in the socket that is present since birth, which is characterized by irregularity of leg positions, asymmetric fat folds, and reduced movement in the affected side.


Congenital hip Dysplasia Diagnosis


Thorough physical examination is vital for the accurate diagnosis of congenital hip dysplasia with the use of a specific method called the Ortolani test or Barlow method. X-ray and ultrasound can be helpful in detecting any abnormality in the hip joint and considered as an effective tool for the diagnosis of congenital hip dysplasia.


Congenital hip Dysplasia Symptoms and Signs


Ligaments of the hip joint are loose and stretched usually manifested by different lengths of the legs, uneven thigh skin folds, and less mobility or flexibility in the affected side. Limping, toe-walking and a waddling “duck-like” gait are often manifested by children of the walking stage affected with the condition.


Congenital hip Dysplasia Treatment


Surgical procedures are carried out not only to reduce the dislocation of the hip but also to repair any defect present in the acetabulum (socket) with the application of cast after the operation in order to hold the femoral head in position. Nonsurgical approaches used in the treatment of congenital hip dysplasia include chiropractic medicine, Orthosis (with the use of braces), exercise programs developed by physical therapist, and medications.


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