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Corneal Dystrophy

Corneal Dystrophy Causes

Depending on the type of corneal dystrophy, causes can include heredity, cornel abrasion, and corneal ulcers. Corneal abrasion typically roots from a foreign body embedded under one's eyelid, or even fingernail scratch; the epithelium does not at all times heal properly, and recurrent erosion of the cornea can develop into corneal dystrophy. Corneal ulcers are generally the result of bacteria, fungal, viral, or protozoan infections.

Corneal Dystrophy Definition

Corneal dystrophy is defined as a disorder wherein one or more portions of the eye's cornea lose normal clarity, resulting from an increase of a cloudy material. There are more than twenty types of corneal dystrophies affecting all parts of a cornea, including keratoconus, Fuch's dystrophy, lattice dystrophy, and map-dot fingerprint dystrophy.

Corneal Dystrophy Diagnosis

A doctor may diagnose corneal dystrophy through examinations and additional tests. Some tests include visual acuity test, pachymetry, specular microscope tests, and slit-lamp examination.

Corneal Dystrophy Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of the condition vary on type and severity. However, there are three common indications for all types of corneal dystrophy: eye pain, visual impairment, and periodic eye pain.

Corneal Dystrophy Treatment

Treatment also depends on type and severity corneal dystrophy. These may include topical anesthetic eyedrops, antibiotics, soft contact lenses for vision improvement and discomfort reduction, surgery, and cornea transplant.

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