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Craniofacial dysostosis

Craniofacial dysostosis Causes

Currently referred to as Crouzon Syndrome, craniofacial dysostosis involves the bones of the face and skull of infants. According to studies, out of 25,000 people, only 1 suffers from craniofacial dysostosis. Understandably, those families who have history of craniofacial dysostosis have greater chances of passing on the gene.

Craniofacial dysostosis Definition

Craniofacial dysostosis is a disorder that was first described by a French doctor named Octave Crouzon. The doctor found out that the patients who are affected by the disorder are a mom-and-daughter tandem, suggesting that craniofacial dysostosis is of genetic basis.

Craniofacial dysostosis Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Craniofacial dysostosis can be done during birth through the assessment of the symtpoms exihibited by the infant-patient. Further analysis includes MRI scans, radiographs, X-rays, CT scans, and genetic testing.

Craniofacial dysostosis Symptoms and Signs

The highly pronounced symptoms of craniofacial dysostosisa, normally within the areas on the face, are results of the many mutations in the maturing embryo. Most common manifestations of the disorder include the following: low-set ears known as "branchial arch syndromes", malformations in the ear canal that results to loss of hearing, and in extremely severe cases, the occurence of Meniere's disease.

Craniofacial dysostosis Treatment

Usually, surgery is advised in order to stop the skull's sutures from closing and damaging the development of the brain. Orthognathic and orthodontic surgeries are done to correct the cosmetic issues associated with the disorder. Further, several patients are made to wear cranial bands or custom-fitted helmets after surgery.

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