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familial periodic paralysis

familial periodic paralysis Causes

The symptoms of familial periodic paralysis includes difficulty in seeing and speaking, sensory or auditory auras, and headaches.

familial periodic paralysis Definition

Familial periodic paralysis is an uncommon genetic disease that brings about weakness, or more severely, paralysis, but rarely causes death. While this is is passed on through the genes, not everyone in the family suffer the same degree of the condition.

familial periodic paralysis Diagnosis

Since the disease is typically hard to diagnose, there have been several instances when patients were given the wrong diagnosis and treatment options. It should be understood that this disease is not the same as hypokalemia (very low potassium level) or hyperkalemia (very high potassium level).

familial periodic paralysis Symptoms and Signs

Typically familial periodic paralysis is usually triggered by such factors as heat, cold, stress, high intake of carbohydrates, excitement, and skipping meals. Findings pointed out to some underlying mechanisms within the ion channels of the cell membranes in the skeletal muscles which are responsible for the leak of charged ions. This occurence causes the depolarization of the cells, thereby restricting movements.

familial periodic paralysis Treatment

Methods of treating familial periodic paralysis may involve oral supplementation of potassium chloride for hypos, or staying away from potassium for hypers. OTher options include the use of inhibitors like carbonic anhydrase, use of thiazide diuretics, and changes in lifestyle.

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