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Female Infertility

Female Infertility Causes

Female infertility can be caused by several factors including ovulation disorders, which account for 25 percent of infertile couples. An abnormal FSH and LH secretion, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), luteal phase defect, and premature ovarian failure are among the conditions falling under ovarian failure. Other causes of female infertility include damage to the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, cervical narrowing or blockage, and uterine causes. There are cases that the cause of infertility is not found. Studies state that it could be a combination of several minor factors in both partners.

Female Infertility Definition

Female infertility accounts for about 40-50 percent of all infertile couples.

Female Infertility Diagnosis

Fertility tests may include ovulation testing or a blood test for progesterone, hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy, ovarian reserve testing, and hormone testing.

Female Infertility Symptoms and Signs

The inability of a couple to get pregnant is the main symptom of female infertility. There may be no outward signs or symptoms but an abnormal menstrual cycle is also a symptom.

Female Infertility Treatment

The cause of the infertility determines the type of treatment a women has to undergo. Age and the length of infertility are also factors to be considered. Restoring fertility by means of medication or surgery or assisting in reproduction are the primary goals of treatment. In fertility restoration, the use of fertility drugs to regulate or induce ovulation is the main treatment. For abnormal LH and FSH, fertility drugs such as Clomiphene citrate, Gonadotropins, Metformin, and Aromatase inhibitors are used. Surgical procedures to correct problems or improve female fertility include tissue removal, tubal reversal surgery, and tubal surgeries. In reproductive assistance, the most popular and highly effective technique it In vitro fertilization (IVF).

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