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Fibromuscular dysplasia

Fibromuscular dysplasia Causes

The cause of FMD still remains unknown, despite several speculations that relates it to some rare genetic conditions. Strokes and hypertensions may also be triggered by Fibromuscular dysplasia.

Fibromuscular dysplasia Definition

Fibromuscular dysplasia is categorized as a type of angiopathy that greatly affects medium-sized arteries and is observed to be predominant among women of childbearing age. This also affects renal arteries and can possibly cause refractory renovascular hypertension. Medical case reports have shown that Fibromuscular dysplasia also include coronary arteries, the aorta and the pulmonary arteries.

Fibromuscular dysplasia Diagnosis

Conventional angiography still remains to be the criterion standard to effectively detect Fibromuscular dysplasia along with its associated vascular lesion. Primary diagnosis for Fibromuscular dysplasia is usually considered in many young individuals that are presenting subarachnoid hemorrhage and stroke at such a young age. Conventional cerebrovascular ultrasonography, CT scanning and MRI can also be helpful in detecting ischemic strokes.

Fibromuscular dysplasia Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms for Fibromuscular dysplasia include lightheadedness, tinnitus, headache, vertigo and neck pains, which can all be due to arterial dissection. Patients may also report nuerologic deficits, numbness of the face as well as the extremities. Cranial numbness, weakness and coordination difficulties have alsoe been reported.

Fibromuscular dysplasia Treatment

There are presently no known curative therapies for Fibromuscular dysplasia. However the good thing is FMD is typically benign when its asymptomatic.

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