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Hallux Valgus

Hallux Valgus Causes

Long periods wearing ill-fitting shoes are the primary cause of hallux valgus, especially when the big toe is forced to press inward, and inevitably overlapping the second toe. The big toe is forced out of normal alignment, resulting in a bunion. Wearing of proper fitting shoes is important as the hallux valgus can progress into a severe form and may require surgery.

Hallux Valgus Definition

Hallux valgus, also known as bunions, is a condition characterized by a structural deformity in the bone as well as the joint between the big toe and foot. This is a typically painful condition. The big toe may turn facing the second toe, a condition called displacement. The tissue around the joint area is tender and swollen.

Hallux Valgus Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of hallux valgus include swelling of the metatarsophalangeal joint, redness and pain in the joint, irritated skin around the bunion, and a shifting of the big toe to other toes.

Hallux Valgus Treatment

Changing to proper shoe gear is the primary treatment that should be sought by individuals with hallux valgus. Orthodontics may be used to accommodate the bunion, such as shielding and padding. Ice, rest, and medications are also prescribed. For severe cases, surgery done by a podiatrist may be required.

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