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Hereditary spastic paraplegia

Hereditary spastic paraplegia Causes

Familial spastic paraplegia is a condition that is inherited.

Hereditary spastic paraplegia Definition

Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), also known as familial spastic paraparesis (FSP), refers to a group of inherited disorders that are marked by progressive weakness and stiffness of the legs

Hereditary spastic paraplegia Diagnosis

Diagnosis is done primarily by neurological examination and testing to exclude other disorders. Specialized genetic testing focused towards known genetic mutations are available at certain specialized centers. A wide variety of mutations have been detected in various genes, however mutations in the spastin and atlastin genes account for most of the identified mutations in "uncomplicated" forms of HSP.

Hereditary spastic paraplegia Symptoms and Signs

Though the primary feature of HSP is severe, progressive, lower extremity spasticity, in more progressed forms it can be accompanied by other neurological symptoms. These include optic neuropathy, retinopathy (diseases of the retina), ataxia (lack of muscle control), dementia, icthyosis (a skin disorder resulting in dry, rough, scaly skin), mental retardation, peripheral neuropathy, and deafness.

Hereditary spastic paraplegia Treatment

There are no specific treatments to prevent, slow down, or reverse HSP. Symptomatic treatments used for other forms of chronic paraplegia may sometimes be helpful. Regular physical therapy is a crucial factor for improving muscle strength and preserving range of motion.

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