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Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese Encephalitis Causes

Japanese Encephalitis is caused by a virus carried by the mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus and transferred to the person through mosquito bites.

Japanese Encephalitis Definition

Japanese Encephalitis is a medical ailment caused by the mosquito-borne Japanese encephalitis virus. The mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus is the most significant carrier of the disease. Incidents of acquiring the disease are most common in Southeast Asian countries and the Far Eastern countries.

Japanese Encephalitis Diagnosis

Diagnosis for Japanese Encephalitis is possible through IgM capture ELISA; with the help of this test antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are detected essential in the diagnosis of the disorder.

Japanese Encephalitis Symptoms and Signs

Japanese Encephalitis infections tend to be asymptomatic during the incubation period. On the other hand, several obvious manifestations appear during mild infections. On the onset of encephalitis, fever, malaise, and headache are apparent. Inflexibility of the neck, cachexia, paralysis on one side of the body (hemiparesis), convulsion, and extremely high fever are noticeable when the disease progress to the acute stage.

Japanese Encephalitis Treatment

Treatment for Japanese Encephalitis is supportive with the purpose of reducing the symptoms. Rest, proper nutrition, and fluids provide the body with strength to fight against infection. However, certain medications like acetaminophen are given to reduce fever and headache.

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