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Oral Candidiasis

Oral Candidiasis Causes

Oral candidiasis is an infection caused by a yeast fungus known as Candida albicans, alternatively known as Candida tropicalis or Candida glabrata. This fungus often invades the mucous membranes of the mouth. The infection may be introduced to the body through a variety of systemic conditions, drug therapies, or other conditions that cause changes in the oral cavity.

Oral Candidiasis Definition

Oral candidiasis pertains to a yeast fungus (Candida albicans) infection in the mouth's mucous membranes.

Oral Candidiasis Diagnosis

Oral candidiasis is frequently diagnosed based on clinical presentations combined with exfoliative cytology examination, which involves a histologic examination of intraoral scrapings. In some cases, a biopsy may be recommended, particularly if the candidiasis is suspected to occur alongside other medical conditions. Additionally, samples can also be cultured for a definitive identification of the fungus.

Oral Candidiasis Symptoms and Signs

Oral candidiasis typically presents with thick whitish or cream-colored deposits in the mouth. Beneath these deposits, the mucosa of the mouth may be slightly raised, appear red, and seem inflamed. In infants, oral candidiasis is known as oral thrush and is often painless. In adults, the infection typically causes discomfort or burning. Other symptoms linked to oral candidiasis are: digestive problems; intense craving for sugar, bread or alcohol; depression; fatigue; as well as joint or muscle pains.

Oral Candidiasis Treatment

In oral candidiasis treatment, the focus is to deal with the underlying cause such as diabetics or poor glucose control. A common treatment method is the use of topical anti-fungal medications, such as amphotericin B, miconazole, or nystatin. Immunocompromised patients may require further systemic therapy.

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