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Plague Causes

The most recent plague pandemic began in China in the late 1800s and, due to booming international trade and ships with high rat populations, spread quickly throughout Asia and other parts of the world. That outbreak caused more or less than 12 million deaths in India and China alone. According to scientists fleas transmitted the bacteria.

Plague Definition

Plague is a life-threatening infection caused by the organism Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that caused the 14th-century Black Death plague pandemic.

Plague Diagnosis

High-risk region with the exception of a visible bubo, signs and symptoms often mimic other, more common infectious diseases. Fluid is extracted from the airways using endoscopy. This procedure, a thin, flexible tube is inserted through the nose or mouth and down to the throat. A suction device is placed down the tube to extract a fluid sample from the airways.

Plague Symptoms and Signs

Here are three types of plague: bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic. Signs and symptoms of plague may vary depending on the type and on how you contract it. It is possible to develop more than one type of plague.

Plague Treatment

Streptomycin and gentamicin are the most effective drugs against plague. There are other alternatives including intravenous doxycycline (Vibramycin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin). Treatment with preventive, oral antibiotics for seven days after direct exposure to another person with pneumonic plague.

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