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Pleurisy Causes

Pleurisy may be caused by diseases such as flu, pneumonia, tuberculosis, pulmonary embolism, and autoimmune conditions.

Pleurisy Definition

Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is defined as the inflammation of the pleura, which is the double membrane that lines the chest cavity and surrounds each of the lungs.

Pleurisy Diagnosis

To reach a diagnosis, X-ray, CT scan, and blood test, may be used. To confirm a diagnosis, the removal of fluid in the lungs for laboratory analysis, or the examination of a sample of pleural tissue, obtained through pleural biopsy and video-assisted thoracic surgery, may be done.

Pleurisy Symptoms and Signs

The inflammation of the pleura may cause the following symptoms: sharp pain in the chest during breathing, shortness of breath, fever and chills, and dry cough.

Pleurisy Treatment

For the treatment of pleurisy, the condition causing the same must be determined and treated. For instance, if pleurisy is caused by a bacterial infection, like pneumonia, an antibiotic may be used as a cure. Also, over-the-counter, or prescription NSAIDs may help alleviate some symptoms of pleurisy. A large buildup of fluid caused by pleurisy may require hospitalization so that the fluid may be drained through a tube inserted in the chest.

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