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Polyps, Uterine

Polyps, Uterine Causes

The cause of uterine polyps is not known, however, it is theorized that hormones, particularly estrogen, may have a factor in its development.

Polyps, Uterine Definition

Uterine polyps are growths appearing on the inner wall of the uterus, and protruding into the uterine cavity, caused by overgrowth of cells.

Polyps, Uterine Diagnosis

Uterine polyps may be diagnosed through the following: (1) transvaginal ultrasound, wherein a device that sends out sound waves and shows an image of the uterus, is placed in the vagina; (2) hysteroscopy, wherein a hysteroscope is inserted through the vagina to the uterus to examine the inside of the uterus and remove polyps that are found, if any; and (3) curettage, wherein a device is used to scrape the inside of the uterus.

Polyps, Uterine Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms of uterine polyps include irregular menstrual period, excessively heavy menstrual period, bleeding between menstrual periods, infertility, and bleeding even after menopause.

Polyps, Uterine Treatment

Small polyps generally need no treatment. However, uterine polyps may be treated through hormonal medications like progestins and agonists, which may help shrink the polyp. Surgical removal is another treatment option for uterine polyps. For serious cases of uterine polyps, as when the growth contains cancerous cells, hysterectomy would be required.

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