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Prolactinoma Causes

Prolactinoma is one type of tumor that develops in the pituitary gland. The cause of pituitary tumors are unknown. Other causes incude: certain medications like tranquilizers, anti-nausea and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) drugs, and hypertension medications; other pituitary tumors; hypothyroidism; pregnancy, breast-feeding and breast stimulation

Prolactinoma Definition

Prolactinoma is a condition in which a noncancerous tumor of the pituitary gland in the brain overproduces the hormone prolactin. A decrease in normal levels of sex hormones (testosterone in men,estrogen in women) is a major effect of increased prolactin.

Prolactinoma Diagnosis

Blood tests can detect the overproduction of prolactin as a result of a pituitary tumor. Other test may include: brain imaging using CT or MRI scans, and vision tests.

Prolactinoma Symptoms and Signs

Because the sex hormomes are affected. There are different symptoms for males and females. In males: erectile dysfunction, uncommonly enlarged breasts. In females: irregular or lack of menstrual periods, milky discharge from the breasts when not pregnant or breast-feeding, painful intercourse due to vaginal dryness, low bone density. In both: reduced hormone production by the pituitary gland as a result of tumor pressure, loss of interest in sexual activity, headaches, visual disturbances, infertility.

Prolactinoma Treatment

Doctors often are able to effectively treat prolactinoma with medications to restore your prolactin level to normal. An option to treat prolactinoma is to remove the pituitary tumor through surgery.

Drugs used for treatment of Prolactinoma


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