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Prostate Gland Enlargement

Prostate Gland Enlargement Causes

A rapid production of cells in the central portion of the prostrate gland results in prostate gland enlargement. However, the cause of the condition is not specifically known. Doctors think that the growth is stimulated by changes in the ratio of male and female hormone levels due to age. Others also think that aging results in the prostate gland's sensitivity and responsiveness to normal levels of male hormone making it grow rapidly.

Prostate Gland Enlargement Definition

Prostate gland enlargement is a condition in which prostate gland is enlarged putting pressure on the urethra and causing difficulty urinating. Its medical term is benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Prostate Gland Enlargement Diagnosis

The patient is asked to answer questions regarding his symptoms and other health problems. The doctor also performs a physical examination including digital rectal exam as well as a urine test. Doctors may also perform other tests such as a transrectal ultrasound, urodynamic pressure-flow studies, cystoscopy, and intravenous pyelogram or CT urogram to confirm the diagnosis. To evaluate the condition, additional tests may also be conducted such as postvoid residual volume test, prostate-specific antigen blood test, and urinary flow test.

Prostate Gland Enlargement Symptoms and Signs

Prostate gland enlargement does not usually pose a problem. However, some individuals may experience certain signs and symptoms such as a weak urine stream, difficulty starting a urination, inability to to completely empty the bladder, urinary tract infection, and flood in the urine.

Prostate Gland Enlargement Treatment

The condition is treated depending on its severity. Treatment may include medications, surgery, or nonsurgical therapies.

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