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Sacroiliitis Causes

Sacroiliitis is caused by a variety of factors such as heavy lifting, a traumatic injury or sudden impact, spondyloarthropathies, degenerative arthritis, and pregnancy. Sometimes the condition is caused by food bacteria called brucellosis.

Sacroiliitis Definition

Sacroiliitis is a condition in which one or both of the joints that connect the lower spine and pelvis are inflammed.

Sacroiliitis Diagnosis

Doctors have difficulty diagnosisng sacroiliitis. Thus, they confirm their diagnosis based on localized pain experienced by the patient, results of X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging scan of the sacroiliac joints, cultures of fluid from the sacroiliac joint, or blood culture if an infection is the cause.

Sacroiliitis Symptoms and Signs

Sacroiliitis may manifest as pain and stiffness in the lower back, thighs, or buttocks; pain that affects the hips and shoulders; bloody diarrhea; inflammation in one or both eyes; or psoriasis. The patient may also experience a low-grade fever.

Sacroiliitis Treatment

The condition is treated based on its underlying cause as well as its signs and symptoms. Medications may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. Physical therapy may also be conducted to reduce pain and stiffness.

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