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Vaginal Atrophy

Vaginal Atrophy Causes

Vaginal atrophy is primarily caused by a loss or dramatic decline of estrogen. Less circulating estrogen makes your vaginal tissues thinner, drier, less elastic and more fragile. Menopause is the most common cause of reduced estrogen levels that result in vaginal atrophy. Other causes include the surgical removal of the ovaries, and chemotheraphy.

Vaginal Atrophy Definition

Vaginal atrophy is characterized by the thinning as well as inflammation of the vaginal walls. This condition usually occurs after menopause, but may also develop during breast-feeding stage or at any time the estrogen production declines.

Vaginal Atrophy Diagnosis

Diagnosis is usually based on the symptoms as well as an assessment of the hormonal status. A pelvic exaam may also be performed to check other possible medical complications.

Vaginal Atrophy Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms for vaginal atrophy include abnormal dryness and burning sensation of the genitalia, watery vaginal discharges, burning sensation during urination, urinary tract infections, light bleeding during sexual intercourse and general discomfort during intercourse.

Vaginal Atrophy Treatment

For patients with no symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. However, for people who suffer from the symptoms, the most common treatment is estrogen supplements that are topically applied in the vaginal area. Other options include vaginal suppositories and estrogen therapy.

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