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How Much Sugar Is In Your Food?

With people living ever more frantic and fast-paced lives, we can often lose track of which essential and non-essential nutrients we consume. Sugar is vital for good health, without it all the cells in our body would come to a halt and perish. However, too much sugar raises the risk of several diseases and conditions, including rotting teeth, obesity and type 2 diabetes.

These days we're all being warned to cut down on our sugar consumption. But, sometimes we can be unaware of just how much sugar is in the food that we are eating.

To help you, we have listed some common everyday foods and drinks, together with their sugar content..

What is sugar?

Sugar is a simple carbohydrate that belongs to a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances. It comes in many different forms. The three main types of sugar are sucrose, lactose, and fructose.

Even though our cells need sugar (glucose) to survive, consuming too much of it can cause numerous different health problems. Added sugar contains no beneficial nutrients and in excess only contributes to tooth decay, diabetes, and obesity.

The American Heart Association (AHA) have said that added sugars "contribute zero nutrients" and are just empty calories "that can lead to extra pounds, or even obesity, thereby reducing heart health."

Being aware of the existing and added sugar contents of the foods and drinks we consume is vital for our health - even more so today because so many products have sugar added to them.

The AHA currently recommends that men consume no more than 150 calories from added sugar per day, and women 100 calories.

Nutritionists strongly recommend against consuming more than 13 teaspoons a day.

Sugar content in common foods and drinks

To help you keep track of how much sugar you're consuming we've listed some common everyday foods and drinks, together with their sugar content. Some of these may surprise you:

How much sugar do chocolates and candy contain?
With high sugar content, chocolate should always be viewed as an occasional treat. Milk chocolate bar (44g) - 5.75 teaspoons of sugar Snickers bar (57g) - 7 teaspoons of sugar Milky Way bar (58g) - 8.5 teaspoons of sugar Marshmallows (100g) - 14.5 teaspoons of sugar Caramel piece (10g) - 1.7 teaspoons of sugar Butterfinger bar (60g) - 6.9 teaspoons of sugar Dove chocolate bar (37g) - 5 teaspoons of sugar Starburst packet (45 grams) - 5.5 teaspoons of sugar Twix bar - 2.75 teaspoons of sugar M&Ms packet (45 grams) - 5.75 teaspoons of sugar Boiled sweets bag (100 grams) - 11.5 teaspoons of sugar How much sugar do soft drinks contain?
Soft drinks often contain a high amount of sugar. Coca cola (one can) - 7 teaspoons of sugar Red Bull (one can) - 7.5 teaspoons of sugar Lemonade (one glass) - 5.5 teaspoons of sugar Orange squash (one glass) - 2.5 teaspoons of sugar Hot chocolate (one mug) - 4.5 teaspoons of sugar Fruit smoothie (one glass) - 3.5 teaspoons of sugar

A study published in Circulation, the journal of the American Heart Association, identified a link between drinking more than one soft drink a day and increased risk of developing heart disease and diabetes.

How much sugar do breakfast cereals contain?

*(per 100 grams)

Froot Loops are said to contain 106 times more sugar than Shredded Wheat. Alpen - 5 teaspoons of sugar Cheerios - 1.1 teaspoons of sugar Corn Flakes - 2.4 teaspoons of sugar Cocoa Krispies - 9.6 teaspoons of sugar Froot Loops - 10.6 teaspoons of sugar Raisin Bran - 7.8 teaspoons of sugar Frosted Flakes - 8.9 teaspoons of sugar Honey Smacks - 14 teaspoons of sugar Rice Krispies - 2.5 teaspoons of sugar Special K - 3 teaspoons of sugar Wheaties - 3.8 teaspoons of sugar Trix - 8 teaspoons of sugar Lucky Charms - 9 teaspoons of sugar Rice Chex - 2 teaspoons of sugar Wheat Chex - 2.6 teaspoons of sugar Corn Chex - 2.8 teaspoons of sugar Honey Nut Cheerios - 8.25 teaspoons of sugar Reese's Puffs - 8.9 teaspoons of sugar Golden Grahams - 8.8 teaspoons of sugar Cocoa Puffs - 9.3 teaspoons of sugar Cookie Crisp - 8.7 teaspoons of sugar Shredded Wheat - 0.1 teaspoons of sugar Cocoa Pebbles - 8.6 teaspoons of sugar Banana Nut Crunch - 4.7 teaspoons of sugar

In June 2012, researchers from Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity revealed that even though cereals aimed at kids had become more nutritious, cereal companies (such as Kellogg, General Mills, and Post) had increased their advertising spending considerably. Cereal advertising aimed at children increased by 34% between 2008 and 2011.

Marlene Schwartz, deputy director of the Rudd Center, said:

"While cereal companies have made small improvements to the nutrition of their child-targeted cereals, these cereals are still far worse than the products they market to adults. They have 56% more sugar, half as much fiber, and 50% more sodium.

The companies know how to make a range of good-tasting cereals that aren't loaded with sugar and salt. Why can't they help parents out and market these directly to children instead?"

How much sugar does fruit contain?

Fruits contain fructose, a type of sugar. Fresh fruit have no "added sugar", but as you can see below, their levels of sugar range from 1 teaspoon per 100 grams in cranberries to 4 teaspoons in grapes.

*per 100 grams

Bananas contain approximately 3 teaspoons of sugar (fructose). Mangos - 3.2 teaspoons of sugar Bananas - 3 teaspoons of sugar Apples - 2.6 teaspoons of sugar Pineapples - 2.5 teaspoons of sugar Grapes - 4 teaspoons of sugar Lemons - 0.6 teaspoons of sugar Kiwi fruit - 2.3 teaspoons of sugar Apricots - 2.3 teaspoons of sugar Strawberries - 1.3 teaspoons of sugar Raspberries - 1 teaspoon of sugar Blueberries - 1.7 teaspoons of sugar Cranberries - 1 teaspoons of sugar Tomatoes - 0.7 teaspoons of sugar How much sugar do cakes and desserts contain?
A medium slice of carrot cake contains approximately 3 teaspoons of sugar. Banoffee pie (1 medium portion) - 4.25 teaspoons of sugar Carrot cake (1 medium slice) - 3 teaspoons of sugar Custard (1 medium portion) - 3.25 teaspoons of sugar Chocolate mousse (1 medium portion) - 3 teaspoons of sugar Cornetto (1 cone) - 3 teaspoons of sugar Donut (1 jam doughnut) - 3.5 teaspoons of sugar Fruit pie (1 medium portion) - 3.5 teaspoons of sugar Fruit cake (1 medium slice) - 5 teaspoons of sugar Muffin (one chocolate chip muffin) - 4.75 teaspoons of sugar Ice cream (1 scoop) - 3 teaspoons of sugar Rice pudding (1 portion) - 3.75 teaspoons of sugar Sponge cake (1 medium slice) - 5.5 teaspoons of sugar Swiss roll (1 roll) - 2.5 teaspoons of sugar Why should I monitor my sugar intake?

The American Heart Association has urged people to cut their added sugar intake because of evidence that it can cause the following health conditions:

Obesity - Scientists at the Medical Research Council found that eating more sugar is associated with obesity. High blood pressure - A high-fructose diet raises blood pressure in men, according to research reported at the American Heart Association's 63rd High Blood Pressure Research Conference. Heart disease - Researchers at the Emory University School of Medicine and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), found that people who consume higher amounts of added sugar are more likely to have heart disease risk factors. Type 2 diabetes - Research conducted at the University of California-San Francisco indicates that sugar intake could be directly linked to type 2 diabetes.

Main sources of added sugar calories:

Added sugar consumption far too high

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that far too many Americans are consuming too many calories from added sugars. The report revealed that nearly 13% of adults' total caloric intake are coming from sources such as sugar and high fructose corn syrup.

Consumers need information on "Added Sugars"

Dr Aseem Malhotra, a cardiologist, wrote in the BMJ (British Medical Journal) last month that dietary advice on added sugar is damaging people's health. Dr. Malhotra said "not only has this advice been manipulated by the food industry for profit but it is actually a risk factor for obesity and diet related disease."

Food labels in the USA and Europe contain only information on total sugars per serving, and tell us nothing about added sugar. "It is therefore almost impossible for consumers to determine the amount of added sugars in foods and beverages."

Prof. Tim Noakes, Director at the Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa, wrote in the same journal "Sugary sports drinks are promoted as essential for athletic performance, but are used predominantly by those without real athletic aspirations. Users need to understand that exercise may not protect them from the negative consequences of an excessive sugar intake."

In the video below, Dr. Miriam Vos, assistant professor of pediatrics (gastroenterology) at Emory University School of Medicine explains what "added sugars" are and how they are different from the natural sugars we find in fruit or milk.

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