ILLNESSOPEDIA

Free Online Database Of Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments

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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter M


  1. Multiple Personality Disorder
    Multiple Personality Disorder of Disassociative Identity Disorder is a condition where by a person escapes the reality by using alternating or switching identities. [read more]

  2. Multiple sclerosis
    Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory, and demyelinating disease affecting the central nervous system. It also known as disseminated sclerosis or encephalomyelitis, which onset, usually occurs in young adults and more common among women. The disease was first described in 1868 by Jean-Martin Charcot. [read more]

  3. Multiple system atrophy
    A disorder in which multiple parts of he nervous system experience degeneration, multiple system astrophy (MSA) encompasses three syndromes namely Shy-Drager syndrome, striatonigral degeneration, and olivopontocerebellar atrophy. The three were previously thought to be unrelated but are now known to all be parts of the same disorder. [read more]

  4. Mumps
    Mumps or epidemic parotitis is a human viral disease. "Mumps" originally meant "to mumble", and came to be useful to the disease due to the side effects it causes. Mumps was a common childhood disease worldwide prior to the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine. It remains to be a significant health threat in third world countries. [read more]

  5. Munchausen syndrome
    Named after Baron von Manchausen, Munchausen syndrome is a factitious psychiatric disorder or a mental illness. The condition's symptoms are caused by the affected persons themselves or self induced in order to draw attention or sympathy. [read more]

  6. Murray Valley Encephalitis
    Murray Valley encephalitis is a potentially fatal disease caused by Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV), which can cause serious neurological repercussions when infecting humans. [read more]

  7. Muscle Contraction Headache
    Muscle contraction headache pertains to a type of headache that results from tension or sustained muscle contraction. [read more]

  8. Muscle Cramp
    A muscle cramp is a sudden contraction of the muscles resulting in intense pain and the inability to use the affected muscles. [read more]

  9. Muscle Dysmorphia
    Muscle dysmorphia is a disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with the idea that he or she is not muscular enough. People who suffer from muscle dysmorphia tend to hold delusions that they are "skinny" or "too small" but are often above average in musculature. Referred to as bigorexia or reverse anorexia nervosa, it is a most specific type of body dysmorphic disorder. [read more]

  10. Muscle Strain
    Muscle Strain or commonly known as “pulled” muscles is a condition whereby there is a stretching or tearing of the muscles in contrast with the muscle sprain which is the stretching or tearing of the ligaments. [read more]

  11. Muscular dystrophy
    Referring to a group of genetic and hereditary muscle disease that cause progressive muscle weakness, muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue. There are nine diseases that are classified as muscular dystrophies namely Duchenne, Becker, limb girdle, congenital, facioscapulohumeral, myotonic, oculopharyngeal, distal, and Emery-Dreifuss. [read more]

  12. Muscular dystrophy, Duchenne and Becker type
    Duchenne muscular dystrophy is characterized by decreasing muscle mass and progressive loss of muscle function in male children. [read more]

  13. Muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral
    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is an autosomal dominant from of muscular dystrophy that is also known as Landouzy-Dejerine. It initially affects the skeletal muscles of the face (facio), scapula (scapulo) and upper arms (humeral) and is the third most common genetic disease of skeletal muscle. [read more]

  14. Myalgic encephalomyelitis
    Also known as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), Myalgic encephalomyelitis is a poorly understood and debilitating disorder of uncertain cause or causes. According to a 1999 study among adults in the United States, CFS is thought to affect approximately 4 per 100 adults, and commonly occurs among women ages 40s and 50s. [read more]

  15. Myasthenia gravis
    Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder, a neuromuscular disease that can lead to fluctuating muscle weakness and fatiguability. The name is coined from Greek and Latin terms, which literally means serious muscle weakness. [read more]

  16. Myasthenia gravis congenital
    A neuromuscular disease, Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder that can lead to unpredictable muscle weakness and fatigability. The term is coined from Greek and Latin terms, which literally means serious muscle weakness. [read more]

  17. Mycetoma
    Mycetoma, also referred to as Madura Foot, is a highly relevant disease commonly encountered in arid and semi-arid regions all over the world. This condition can be found in Mexico, the Sahel, in pan-Arabia, Brazil and in the semi-arid areas within India. Mycetoma can also exist in countries as distant as Romania. Mycetoma consists of two common forms. These are the bacterial mycetoma which is also referred to as actinomycetoma and the fungal mycetoma or also known as eumycetoma. These two common presentations of this condition are very hard to determine and differentiate from each another even under the electron microscopy. [read more]

  18. Mycobacterium Avium Complex
    Mycobacterium avium complex (or MAC) pertains to a group of genetically-related bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium which, in humans, can cause fatigue, fever, and weight loss. [read more]

  19. Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae (shortened as M. pneumoniae) pertains to a tiny bacterium belonging to the class Mollicutes. In general, Mollicutes lack a peptidoglycan cell wall, and instead have a cell membrane that contains sterol compounds similar to eukaryotic cells. These sterols are obtained from the host sterum, allowing the organism to retain its simple structure. Because of the absence of a cell wall, these organisms are therefore resistant to penicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics, which work by destroying the bacterial cell wall. [read more]

  20. Mycoplasmal Pneumonia
    Mycoplasmal pneumonia is a bacterial infection caused by a very small bacterium, in the class Mollicutes. Characteristically, these organisms are resistant to penicillin as well as in other beta-lactam antibiotics. The bacteria closely associated with this condition spread via transmission of respiratory droplets. When the bacteria get attached to the mucosa of a host organism, it will extract nutrients to grow. Its reproduction is by binary fission. The sites where it can commonly get attached include the upper and lower respiratory tract which results to bronchitis, pharyngitis and pneumonia. Atypical Pneumonia refers to the infection caused by this very small bacterium primarily due to its protracted course. Moreover, it is characterized by lack of sputum production and by multiple extra-pulmonary symptoms. Chronic mycoplasma infections had also been associated with rheumatoid arthritis. The severity of illnesses from mycoplasma is often defined as mild to moderate. [read more]



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