ILLNESSOPEDIA

Free Online Database Of Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments

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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter X


  1. X-Linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita
    X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita genetic disorder where it involves the endocrine tissues particularly the adrenal glands. It is usually manifests by adrenal insufficiency where there is reduction of the adrenal gland function which causes incomplete development of the adrenal cortex or the outer layer of the gland. It usually affects male thus, the symptoms includes manifestation of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism which are shown through the less and even lack of sex hormones which causes undeveloped reproductive tissues and cyptorchidism or the undescended testicles and infertility. In women, this disorder is rare but symptoms includes insufficiency of sex hormones and amenorrhea or lack of mentruation. It is said to be caused by the mutation and deletion of the NRRoB1 located at the X chromosome Xp21.3-p21.3 which are responsible for giving DAX1 or the transcription factor protein which controls the activity of certain genes. [read more]

  2. X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia
    X-linked agammaglobulinemia otherwise known as X-linked hypogammaglobulinemia, or the XLA, Bruton type agammaglobulinemia is a medical condition that is characterized by the disorder in the X-link genes that results into the body's ability to fight infection. [read more]

  3. X-Linked Alpha Thalassemia Mental Retardation Syndrome (ATR-X)
    6.X-linked alpha thalassemia mental retardation syndrome or ATR-X for brevity is a disorder that is caused by the mutation of the ATR X gene which affects the 3D structure of the chromatin located in the cell nucleus. It is manifest through severe learning difficulties, an unusual facial appearance, unusual genitalia and alpha thalassemia. [read more]

  4. X-Linked Dominant
    X-linked dominant is a mode of inheritance where a gene on the X-chromosome is dominant. It is a mode that is less common to the X-linked recessive and unlike males, females are said to be more affected than males inasmuch as females have two x Chromosomes which may be a potential carrier of the abnormal gene. Theory suggests that a woman with a disorder that is passed through a X-link dominant mode has a 50% chance of affecting the child while the daughter of a man with a disorder characterized by an X-linked dominant will inherit the said condition. However, the chance of passing the disorder that is said to be an X-linked disorder varies between men and women. [read more]

  5. X-Linked Ichthyosis
    X-linked ichthyosis is a heriditary skin condition which is due to the deficiency of the steroid sulfatase. During prenatal, the X-linked ichthyosis is a condition that affects the placental oestrogen production inasmuch as the steroids from the male fetus are not fully utilize because of the difficulty in the removal of the sulfate group. People with this kind of disorder has low estriol levels and results in to the inability to go into spontaneous labor. [read more]

  6. X-Linked Mental Retardation And Macroorchidism
    X-linked mental retardation and macroorchidism otherwise known as the Fragile X syndrome,Fragile Site, Folic Acid Type, Rare, Fra(X)(Q27.3), the Marker Syndrome or the Martin Bell Syndrome, a mental retardation associated with the to x-link retardation. Its incidence includes 1 in 3600 males and 1 in 4,0006,000 females (Crawford, D.C.; Acuna, J.M. & Sherman, S.L. (2001) "FMR1 and the Fragile X syndrome: Human genome epidemiology review". Genet Med 3: 359-371) [read more]

  7. X-Linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
    X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency otherwise known as the common gamma chain is a sub type of the Severe combined immunodeficiency which is said to be a result of the mutation in the gene encoding the common gamma chain (?c) which is a protein that is said to be used by the receptors for interleukins IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21 which are in turn involved in the development and variance of the T and B cells. The symptoms and manifestation of the mutation of the said gene causes a non-functional interleukin signalling which may result to a failure of the immune system to develop and function inasmuch as there is low or none T cells and non-functioning B cells. X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency is said to be an inherited disorder through an X-linked recessive pattern. [read more]

  8. Xanthelasma Palpebrarum
    Palpebrarum is a small plaque which is ofte yellowish in color that presents on the eyelids. Palpebrarum usually occurs in diabetes patients and to people having high cholesterol levels or lipid in their blood. The plaques usually contain high fat deposits. This condition is also called xanthelasma palpebrarum. [read more]

  9. Xanthine Oxydase Deficiency
    Xanthine oxydase deficiency otherwise known as the Xanthinuria, is a genetic disorder which causes deficiency of xanthine oxidase which is an enzyme that is needed for converting the xanthine to uric acid. [read more]

  10. Xanthinuria
    Xanthinuria otherwise known as the Xanthine oxydase deficiency , is a genetic disorder which causes deficiency of xanthine oxidase which is an enzyme that is needed for converting the xanthine to uric acid. [read more]

  11. Xanthoma
    Xanthoma, otherwise known as the xanthomata or the xanthomatosis is a medical condition that is characterized by the deposition of yellowish cholesterol-rich material in the tendons of the body. [read more]

  12. Xanthomatosis Cerebrotendinous
    Cerebrotendineous xanthomatosis otherwise known as the cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, or Van Bogaert-Scherer-Epstein syndrome, or the cerebrotendinous cholesterosis, is a kind of xanthomatosis that isassociated with the CYP27A1 geneon the 2nd Chromosome. [read more]

  13. Xeroderma Pigmentosum
    Xeroderma pigmentosum or XP for brevity, is said to be an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of DNA repair where it is characterized by the inability to repair Ultraviolet or UV damages. More often it usually leads to the multiple basaliomas and skin malignancies. [read more]

  14. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 1
    Type 1 Xeroderma pigmentosum other wise known as the Xeroderma pigmentosum group A is the most classical form of Xeroderma pigmentosum whereby the gene variation involves the XPA located at the 9q22.3. Its symptoms are the same as those of the Xeroderma Pigmentosum itself and the only difference is the gene variation and its location. [read more]

  15. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 2
    Type 2 Xeroderma pigmentosum or the Xeroderma pigmentosum group B is a complementation subgroup of the main disorder Xeroderma pigmentosum. The gene variation involved in this subtype of the Xeroderma pigmentosum is the XPB gene located at the 2q21. Symptoms are the same as that of the Xeroderma Pigmentosum. [read more]

  16. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 3
    Type 3 Xeroderma pigmentosum or the Xeroderma pigmentosum group C is a subtype of Xeroderma pigmentosum whereby the variation in the gene involved is the XPC located at the 3p25. Symptoms and treatment usually is the same as that of the Xeroderma Pigmentosum. [read more]

  17. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 5
    Type 5 Xeroderma pigmentosum or the Xeroderma pigmentosum group E is a subtype of the Xeroderma pigmentosum where the variation in the gene involved is the DDB2 located at the 11p12-p11. This type only difference to the rest of the types of the disorder as well as to the Xeroderma pigmentosum itself is the gene variation involved and its location. Treatment as well as the symptoms are the same. [read more]

  18. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 6
    Type 6 Xeroderma pigmentosum or the Xeroderma pigmentosum group F is a complementary group of the Xeroderma pigmentosum characterized by the variation in the gene ERCC4 located at the 16p13.3-p13.13. Symptoms as well as the treatments are similar to that of the Xeroderma pigmentosum itself. [read more]

  19. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Type 7
    Type 7 Xeroderma pigmentosum otherwise known as the Xeroderma pigmentosum group G is a complementary group of the disorder Xeroderma pigmentosum characterized by the involvement of the gene RAD2 ERCC5 located at 13q33. Its symptoms as well as treatment and diagnosis are similar to that of the Xeroderma pigmentosum disorder itself. [read more]

  20. Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Variant Type
    Variant type Xeroderma pigmentosum or XPV for brevity, is a complementary group of the disorder Xeroderma pigmentosum whereby the gene involved is the POLH located at the 6p21.1-p12. Usually person who has Xeroderma pigmentosum Variant type suffer from mutation of the gene that codes particular DNA polymerase named as the polymerase-? (eta) which are used when cells goes to a S-phase where there is a damage in the DNA. [read more]



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