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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter W

  1. Waardenburg Syndrome
    Waardenburg syndrome is a medical condition characterized by differing degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures which arises from the neural chest and anomalies in skin pigmentation. It is associated with various congenital disorders such as defects in the intestine and spine, elevated scapula and the cleft lip palate. [read more]

  2. Waardenburg Syndrome Pierpoint
    Waardenburg Syndrome Pierpoint is one of the variation in the name used to refer to the Waardenburg Syndrome or the Klein-Waardenburg syndrome, Van der Hoeve-Halbertsma-Waardenburg syndrome, Mende's syndrome II, Ptosis-Epicanthus syndrome,Van der Hoeve-Waardenburg-Klein syndrome, Van der Hoeve-Halbertsma-Gualdi syndrome, or the Vogt's syndrome, is an unusual disorder of the gene where it is characterized by moderate to severe impairment in the sense of hearing, defects or abnormalities which usually due from the neutral crest and anomalies in the pigmentation of the skin. It is first defined in 1951 by a Dutch Opthalmologist Petrus Johannes Waardenburg (Waardenburg PJ (1951) "A new syndrome combining developmental anomalies of the eyelids, eyebrows and nose root with pigmentary defects of the iris and head hair and with congenital deafness". Am J Hum Genet 1951; 3: 195-253). [read more]

  3. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 1
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 1 is the most common type of Waardenburg Syndrome that is also is also characterized by varying degree of deafness, abnormality in the structure arising from the neutral crest and anomalies in pigmentation. The genetic variation involved in this type of syndrome is the paired box 3 or the PAX3 gene which is placed on 2q35. It symptoms include hypertelorism or distinctive wide-set eyes as a result of a prominent and broad nasal root or the dystopia canthorum. The type 1 of Waardenburg Syndrome usually inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern or where a copy of the altered gene is enough to cause the disorder. No treatment is discovered for the treatment of this type of Waardenburg Syndrome. [read more]

  4. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 2
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 2 otherwise known as the WS2 is also one of the most common type of Waardenburg Syndrome that is characterized by deafness and abnormality in the structure which usually occur from the neutral crest. It was first identified in 1971 and used to describe a situation where the dystopia canthorum was not present (Arias S (1971). "Genetic heterogeneity in the Waardenburg syndrome". Birth Defects Orig. Artic. Ser. 07 (4): 87-101). Waardenburg Syndrome 2 has a sub-classification namely WS2A and WS2B, which are based on the causative gene involved. Its' symptoms includes moderate to profound hearing impairment. WS2 appears to be inherited as an autosomal recessive pattern where in there must be two copies of the altered gene for a person to be affected. There is no treatment for this type of Waardenburg Syndrome. [read more]

  5. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 2A
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 2 or WS2A for brevity, is a subtype of Waardenburg Syndrome 2 where the variation in the gene involves the MITF or the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor located at the 3p14.1-p12.3. It is also manifest by hearing impairment. It is also said to be an autosomal recessive inasmuch as it need two copies of altered gene to make a person affected with the disorder. [read more]

  6. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 2B
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 2B or WS2B for brevity, is a subtype of Waardenburg Syndrome 2 where the gene involved is the WS2B located at the 1p21-p13.3. Its symptoms also includes moderate to severe lost of hearing. Type 2B of Waardenburg Syndrome is usually inherited as an autosomal recessive pattern where two copies of the altered gene is needed in order that a person may be said to be affected with the disorder. [read more]

  7. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 3
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 3 or WS3 for brevity, or the Klein-Waardenburg syndrome is a rare type of Waardenburg Syndrome where the gene involved is the paired box gene 3 or the PAX3 gene that is located at the 2q35. Aside from the common symptoms of the Waardenburg syndrome, it is most common to person affected with the Waardenburg Syndrome type 3 or WS3 to have unusual patches of white pigmentation on the skin. It is usually inherited as an autosomal dominant pattern where only one copy of the damaged or altered gene is needed in order to make the person affected with the disorder. Usually a person affected with this type of disorder has one parent affected with the condition. [read more]

  8. Waardenburg Syndrome Type 4
    Waardenburg Syndrome type 4 or WS4 for brevity or the Waardenberg-Hirschsprung disease, or the Waardenburg-Shah syndrome, is a rare type of Waardenburg Syndrome where the gene affected is the EDNRB or the endothelin-B receptor, the EDN3 or the its ligand or the endothelin-3 and the SOX10 or the SRY-related HMG-box gene 10 that is usually located at the 22q13, 20q13.2-q13.3, 22q13 respectively. Its symptoms includes neurologic manifestations. Waardenburg Syndrome 4 is inherited as an autosomal recessive pattern whereby two copies of the altered gene is needed in order to cause the disorder. Usually, the parents of a person with this autosomal recessive disorder is not affected but is usually has one copy of the altered gene. [read more]

  9. Wagner's Disease
    Wagner's Disease is rare familial eye disease or disorder of the connective tissue in the eye that eventually causes blindness. It is frequently confused with the Sticler's syndrome but just lacks the feature of high incidence of retinal detachments. [read more]

  10. Wagner-Stickler Syndrome
    Wagner-Stickler Syndrome or Srickler Syndrome or David-Stickler syndrome, is a genetic disorder which primarily affect the connective tissue particularly the collagen. It is characterized by distinctive facial appearance, eye abnormalities and loss of hearing and problems in the joint areas. [read more]

  11. WAGR Syndrome
    WAGR syndrome otherwise known as the WAGR complex, Wilms tumor-aniridia syndrome, aniridia-Wilms tumor syndrome, is a genetic disorder which affect children and made them to developed Wilms tumor, Aniridi, Genitourinary disorders and mental retardation. (Fischbach BV, Trout KL, Lewis J, Luis CA, Sika M (2005). "WAGR syndrome: a clinical review of 54 cases". Pediatrics 116 (4): 984-8). [read more]

  12. Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
    Waldenstr?m macroglobulinemia , WM for brevity, is a type cancer disease which involves the lymphocytes or the subtype of white blood cells. It is usually a type of lymphoproliferative disease, and is often said to share the same characteristics with the non-Hodgkin Lymphomas ( Cheson BD (2006). "Chronic Lymphoid Leukemias and Plasma Cell Disorders", in Dale DD, Federman DD: ACP Medicine. New York, NY: WebMD Professional Publishing). [read more]

  13. Wallerian Degeneration
    Wallerian Degeneration or Anterograde degeneration is a medical condition where there is a cutting or crushing of the nerve fiber after an injury or when there is part distal to the injury as in the case of a separation of the axon from the neuron's cell nucleus (Trauma and Wallerian Degeneration, University of California, San Francisco). [read more]

  14. Wallis Zief Goldblatt Syndrome
    Wallis Zieff Goldblatt syndrome otherwise known as the cleidorhizomelic syndrome is a medical condition which can be described as an inherited skeletal disorders which is manifest mainly through the rhizomelic short stature and defects in the lateral clavicular of the person affected (Wallis C, Zieff S, Goldblatt J (1988). "Newly recognized autosomal dominant syndrome of rhizomelic shortness with clavicular defect". Am J Med Genet 31 (4): 881-5). [read more]

  15. Wandering Spleen
    Wandering spleen otherwise known as the Pelvic spleen is a rare medical disease that is often linked to the loss or the weakening of the ligaments that help hold the spleen. [read more]

  16. Warkany Syndrome
    Warkany Syndrome or other wise known as the Trisomy 8 is an aberration in the chromosome that causes severe effects on the fetus. It is often observed in person with chronic myeloid leukaemia which may be a result of instability of the karyotype which is probably due to bcr:abl fusion gene. The Warkany Syndrome is discovered by Joseph Warkany. [read more]

  17. Warts
    Warts are small, rough tumor that is typically located on the hands and feet and can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. [read more]

  18. Water In The knee
    Water on the knee is the common term used to describe the accumulation of fluid around and in the knee joint. This can be a result of a trauma, injury due to overuse and other medical conditions. [read more]

  19. Water Intoxication
    Water intoxication is also referred to as hyperhydration or simply water poisoning. It is the potential disturbance of the brain function where in normal balance of electrolytes is forced outside of safe limits by water. It is also the extreme retention of water with sodium reduction. [read more]

  20. Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome
    Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, WFS for brevity is usually bilateral and massive, hemorrhage into the adrenal glands caused by fulminant meningococcemia (Kumar V, Abbas A, Fausto N (2005). Robins and Coltran: Pathological Basis of Disease, 7th, Elsevier, pp. 1214?5) [read more]

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