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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter G


  1. G6pd Deficiency
    G6PD is an inherited disorder wherein the body's cells are unable to produce a sufficient amount of the enzyme glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase or G6PD. This enzyme is important in supporting the red blood cells in their activities. This deficiency may lead to hemolytic anemia especially when the patient is exposed to certain drugs and infections. [read more]

  2. Galactocele
    A galactocele is a cystic tumor in the breast that contains a milky substance, or even milk. This disorder usually occurs when lactation has already ceased. [read more]

  3. Galactokinase deficiency
    Galactokinase deficiency is also known as GALK deficiency or Galactosemia type 2. This disorder is marked by the accumulation of galactitol and galactose in the body due to the decreased conversion of galactose to galactose-1-phosphate by the enzyme galactokinase. [read more]

  4. Galactorrhea
    Galactorrhea is otherwise known as the spontaneous discharge of milk unrelated to pregnancy or nursing. It is defined by Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care as “nipple discharge”. [read more]

  5. Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency
    Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency is also known as the first of three types of Galactosemia or otherwise called classic galactosemia. Since galactose is converted through the action of three enzymes, any deficiency in either of these enzymes would lead to galactosemia. Classic galactosemia or galactosemia type 1 is brought about by a deficiency in one of the three enzymes in the Leloir pathway known as Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase or GALT. GALT is responsible for converting galactose into usable glucose in the body. [read more]

  6. Galactosemia
    Galactosemia is a rare congenital metabolic disorder which undermines the affected individual's ability to properly metabolize galactose, one of the sugars found in dairy products. The disorder was first described in 1917 by Goppert, and later fully identified in 1956 by a group led by Herman Kalckar. The incidence ratio of classic type galactosemia is 1 per 47,000 births. Glactosemia is often confused with lactose intolerance. However, galactosemia is a worse condition. Individuals with lactose intolerance have an inherited shortage of the enzyme lactase. These individuals experience abdominal pains after ingesting lactose products but don't have long term effects. In galactosemia, individuals who are afflicted with this disorder tend to have permanent damage to their bodies. [read more]

  7. Gall Bladder Disease
    Gall bladder disease is characterized by the infection, inflammation, or obstruction of the gallbladder. Gall bladder disease is also alternatively known as gallbladder attack, biliary disease, or biliary colic. [read more]

  8. Gallbladder Cancer
    Gallbladder cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the gallbladder in particular and the biliary tract in general. The gallbladder, along with the bile duct, is responsible for transporting bile. Cancerous gallbladder tumors are called adenocarcinomas, which commonly develop in the inner surface of the gallbladder. These adenocarcinomas are extremely invasive, rapidly penetrating deep into the gallbladder and spreading from the inner surface to the outer surface of the gallbladder. If untreated, the cancer can spread to lymph nodes or travel through the bloodstream and invade other parts of the body. [read more]

  9. Galloway Mowat syndrome
    Galloway Mowat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder found to on autosomal recessive genes. There are many varieties of Galloway Mowat syndrome. It is also known as Hiatal Hernia – Microcephaly – Neprhosis, Galloway Type; Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrosis, Galloway Type; Nephrosis-Microcephaly Syndrome; Nephrosis-Neuronal Dysmigration Syndrome; and Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrotic Syndrome. This disease is characterized by the onset of nephritic syndrome and central nervous system anomalies at an early age. [read more]

  10. Gamstorp episodic adynamy
    Gamstorp episodic adynamy is the name taken by Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) when it occurs in humans. Usually, HYPP (known as Impressive Syndrome as well), is a disorder that affects the channels for sodium in the muscle cells, and incapacitates regulation of potassium in the blood. This disorder, with autosomal dominant inheritance, is also a disease that affects horses. [read more]

  11. Ganglioglioma
    Ganglioglioma, otherwise known as Gangliocytoma, is a disease characterized by the presence of rare tumors. These tumors grow from ganglion cells in the area of the central nervous system, primarily composed of the brain and the spinal cord. Ganglion cells are another way of calling neurons that are found in the brain, some of them found in specific perceptive centers. Mature ganglion cells become clustered with neoplastic glial cells, forming these gangliogliomas. [read more]

  12. Ganglion Cyst
    Known as “bible bump” is a swelling that often appears on or around joints and tendons in the hand or foot. The size of the cyst can change over time, often becoming more inflamed if irritated. It is often located around the wrist and on the fingers. [read more]

  13. Gangrene
    Complication of necrosis which is the ‘cell death' characterized by the decay of body tissues, which become black and malodorous. It caused by infection or ischemia, such as from thrombosis (blocked blood vessel). [read more]

  14. Ganser Syndrome
    Ganser syndrome is a dissociative disorder wherein an individual uncontrollably mimics another person's behavior. Persons with this kind of disorder usually give nonsensical answers to questions. The disease is also called pseudodementia or prison psychosis. [read more]

  15. Gardner Syndrome
    Gardner's syndrome is a disease characterized by the growth of polyps in the colon accompanied by tumors outside the colon. The tumors found in the areas which are away from the colon may range from thyroid cancer, fibromas, sebaceous cysts, osteomas in the skull, and epidermoid cysts. The polyps found within the colon are indicators of the likely progression of the condition to colon cancer. [read more]

  16. Gas
    Gas, or flatulence, is the release of excessive amounts of gas present in the digestive tract. Gastrointestinal gas is made up of swallowed nitrogen and oxygen, as well as methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. When gases are unable to be digested, they end up being released as flatus. Flatulence gives of foul smell due to sulfur compounds that were released by the body. Gas in the stomach and intestines may cause abdominal pain and distention. [read more]

  17. Gas In The Digestive Tract
    Gas is created in the digestive tract due to swallowing air and the breaking of foods by bacteria that are found in the colon. Gas is eliminated by burping or passing gas. [read more]

  18. Gas Pains
    These are air bubbles that can get trapped in the stomach and/or passed on to the intestine. [read more]

  19. Gastric Cancer
    Gastric cancer pertains to cancer of the stomach. Adenocarcinomas, lymphomas, carcinoid tumors, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common types of gastric cancer. [read more]

  20. Gastric Dumping Syndrome
    Gastric dumping syndrome, otherwise known as rapid gastric emptying, occurs when the small intestine's lower end, called the jejunum, fills up too fast with undigested food routed from the stomach. Rapid gastric emptying is experienced in two forms: early dumping commences after the meal or during the meal, while late dumping occurs about 1 to 3 hours after the meal. Early dumping is usually linked to difficulty in digesting fats. Late dumping, on the other hand, is associated with difficulty in digesting carbohydrates. [read more]



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