ILLNESSOPEDIA

Free Online Database Of Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments

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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter S


  1. Sabinas Brittle Hair Syndrome
    Sabinas brittle hair syndrome is a hereditary disease, autosomal recessive in pattern, affecting the integumentary system (the organ system that primarily protects the body from damage - including skin, nails, hair, sweat glands, etc.). Also alternatively known as Sabinas syndrome or brittle hair-mental deficit syndrome, this disease is named after a small community in northern Mexico (Sabinas) where it was first observed. Classic presentations of Sabinas brittle hair syndrome include brittle hair, nail dysplasia, and mild mental retardation. In addition, affected patients show increased copper/zinc ratio, reduced hair cystine levels, and presence of arginosuccinic acid in the urine and blood. [read more]

  2. Saccharopinuria
    Saccharopinuria, also known as saccharopinemia or saccharopine dehydrogenase deficiency, pertains to an excess of saccharopine in the urine. Saccharopinuria is a variant form of hyperlysinemia and attributed to a partial deficiency of saccharopine dehydrogenase, a type of enzyme that plays a secondary role in lysine metabolic pathway. The result is a dangerous accumulation of urinary saccharopine. Individuals with saccharopinuria typically have short stature, elevated urinary lysine, increased urinary citrulline, excessive urinary histidine, and spastic diplegia. [read more]

  3. Sacral agenesis
    Sacral agenesis, also known as hypoplasia of the sacrum or caudal regression syndrome, is a rather obscure and extremely rare congenital condition characterized by spinal deformity in the sacrum (i.e. the spine's caudal partition). It affects an estimated one in 15,000 births. [read more]

  4. Sacral Dimple
    Sacral dimple is a congenital indentation in the skin on the lower back, which is often located above the crease between the buttocks. It is also known as pilonidal dimples. [read more]

  5. Sacroiliitis
    Sacroiliitis is a condition in which one or both of the joints that connect the lower spine and pelvis are inflammed. [read more]

  6. Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome
    Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition inherited via the autosomal dominant trait. The most characteristic feature of this disease is caraniosynostosis, a symptom described as premature closure of 1 or more of the sutures between the bones of the skull, occurs. [read more]

  7. Sakati Syndrome
    Sakati syndrome encompasses a group of rare genetic diseases collectively known as Acrocephalopolysyndactyly or ACPS. Sakati syndrome, along with all known types of ACPS, is characterized by the premature closure of the cranial sutures (fibrous joints) between certain bones of the skull. This premature closure, known as craniosynostosis, leads to: acrocephaly (pointed appearance of the top of the head); syndactyly (webbing or fusion) of digits; and appearance of more than normal digits (polydactyly). In addition, Sakati syndrome is linked to defects in the bones of the legs, congenital heart defects, as well as other complications. The disease is speculated to develop as a consequence of a sporadic mutation that occurs randomly for unknown reasons. [read more]

  8. Salivary Gland Cancer
    Salivary gland cancer is a rare carcinoma affecting the salivary glands of the mouth, throat, or neck. [read more]

  9. Salla Disease
    Salla disease is an autosomal recessive congenital disease affecting lysosomal storage, resulting in early physical impairment and mental abnormalities. It is also alternatively known as Finnish type sialuria or sialic acid storage disease. [read more]

  10. Salmonella Food Poisoning
    Salmonella food poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by Salmonella bacterium. Its effect is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines called gastroenteritis. [read more]

  11. Salmonellosis (Salmonella Infections)
    Salmonellosis (Salmonella infections) is a type of infection caused by Salmon ella bacteria. [read more]

  12. Salpingitis
    Salpingitis is an infection in the fallopian tubes, often synonymous to PID. There are 2 types: acute and chronic salpingitis. Acute salpingitis happens when the fallopian tubes are swollen and stick together causing a blockage. Chronic salpingitis is milder but lasts longer that acute salpingitis. It may also result in hydrosalpinx. Salpingitis usually involves many types of organisms or is polymicrobal. [read more]

  13. San Joaquin Valley Fever
    San Joaquin Valley fever is an alternative name for coccidiodomydiosis. This is a fungal infection that once became endemic in the areas of California, Arizona, Nevada, Texas and New Mexico. [read more]

  14. Sandfly Fever
    Sandfly Fever, otherwise known as the papaataci fever, the phlebotomus fever, and three-day fever is a medical condition referring to the viral infections from sandfly bites. [read more]

  15. Sandhoff Disease
    Sandhoff disease is a genetic autosomal recessive disorder affecting lipid storage, leading to progressive damage in the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. [read more]

  16. Sanfilippo Syndrome
    Sanfilippo syndrome pertains to a hereditary metabolism disorder characterized by the body's inability to properly break down complex sugar molecules called glycosaminoglycans. Sanfilippo syndrome belongs to a group of diseases called mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), and is sometimes called MPS II. [read more]

  17. Santavuori Disease
    Santavuori disease is a form of Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses, a genetic disorder marked by an excessive accumulation of lipopigments (lipofuscin) in the tissues. It is also alternatively known as Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (INCL). Santavuori disease is extremely rare, with only 60 documented cases worldwide. Inherited via the recessive autosomal trait, this disease is degenerative, progressive, and often fatal. [read more]

  18. SAPHO Syndrome
    SAPHO syndrome encompasses a range of chronic inflammatory bone diseases usually associated with skin changes. [read more]

  19. Sarcoidosis
    Sarcoidosis, also known as Besnier-Boeck disease, pertains to a disorder of the immune system characterized by non-caseating garnulomas that mostly affects young adults. The term is from the Greek words “sark” and “oid”, meaning “flesh-like”. [read more]

  20. Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary
    Pulmonary sarcoidosis is a chronic form of sarcoidosis, a rare systemic disorder characterized by inflammation of the lungs. Approximately 90% of documented sarcoidosis cases occur in the lungs (i.e. pulmonary sarcoidosis); however, the disease can affect almost any organ in the body. [read more]



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