ILLNESSOPEDIA

Free Online Database Of Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments

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Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter S


  1. Schizencephaly
    Schizencephaly is a rare cephalic disease characterized by anomalous clefts (or slits) in the cerebral hemispheres. [read more]

  2. Schizoaffective Disorder
    Schizoaffective disorder is a kind of schizophrenia associated with other psychiatric disorders. A person with a schizoaffective disorder can also show signs of mania as well as depression. This condition can also go with other schizophrenic conditions such as schizopherniform and schizotypal disorders. [read more]

  3. Schizophrenia
    Schizophrenia is a psychiatric term used in reference to a mental disorder characterized by an impaired perception of reality. [read more]

  4. Schizophrenia, Genetic Types
    Schizophrenia, genetic types pertain to schizophrenic forms that are attributed to genetic factors. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder of unknown origin characterized by drastic personality and behavior changes, including a skewed perception of reality. Although schizophrenia is not strictly a genetic disorder, it is believed to have a significant genetic component. Very recently, a genetic risk in schizophrenia has been correlated to a certain anomaly in normal brain process that occurs as early as the 6th year of life. [read more]

  5. Schmidt Syndrome
    Schmidt syndrome is an adrenal defect that commonly occurs with another glandular disorder. Schmidt syndrome is also known as “autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2”, a more heterogeneous form of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome which affects one or more endocrine organs but has also been known to invade other non-endocrine organs. Schmidt syndrome is a more commonly occurring type of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome. [read more]

  6. Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly Syndrome
    Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly Syndrome is a rare disease classified as an autosomal dominant syndrome. This rare syndrome is characterized by radial hypoplasia, triphalangeal thumbs, hypospadias, and maxillary diastema. Individuals afflicted with Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly Syndrome usually have thumbs that look like a finger and short radial bone. Males suffering from this syndrome have an abnormally positioned urethral opening. Other afflicted patients may exhibit the presence of a condition known as Prognathism, wherein one jaw is larger than the other, which eventually causes the other jaw to protrude in front of the other one. [read more]

  7. School Phobia
    This phobia is the sudden dislike of a young child or fear of going to school which is usually a sign of separation anxiety. Children who have this phobia tend to fake illness and create excuses to avoid going to school. To deal with the phobia it requires awareness of the original school-related issue. [read more]

  8. Schwannoma, Malignant
    Schwannoma, malignant is a type of malignant tumor that grows from the nerve sheath cells. It originates from the Schwann cells that are responsible for providing myelin insulation to nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system. It is most common to occur on the sciatic, brachial and sacral plexus nerves. [read more]

  9. Schwannomatosis
    Schwannomatosis is a disorder that causes tumors, known as Schwannomas to grow on nerves in the peripheral nervous system. It is a form of a genetic disorder known as Neurofibromatosis, an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. In Schwannomatosis, there is a great possibility that the nerves in the head and peripheral nerves may be affected. [read more]

  10. Sciatica
    Sciatica is a painful condition due to pressure on the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the main nerve that branches off and continues down to the thighs, legs, feet, and ankles. [read more]

  11. Scimitar Syndrome
    Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital heart defect wherein one or more of the four veins transporting oxygenated blood from the lungs drain to the right atrium of the heart instead of the left atrium. In this medical condition, the right pulmonary vein is connected to the inferior vena cava instead of the left atrium. This rare medical condition is also known as pulmanory venolobar syndrome. [read more]

  12. Scleritis
    Scleritis is an inflammatory disease that usually targets and affect the sclera or the outer coating of the eye. [read more]

  13. Sclerodactyly
    Sclerodactyly is the medical condition that refers to the thickening and tightness of the skin of the fingers and toes and associated with atropy of the underlying soft tissues. [read more]

  14. Scleroderma
    Scleroderma is a rare, progressive connective tissue disorder characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. Some forms of scleroderma can involve even internal organs. There are two types of scleroderma: localized scleroderma and the systemic type, known as systemic sclerosis. The localized type can be disabling but not fatal. However, the systemic type can be fatal due to complications brought about by some accompanying diseases. [read more]

  15. Scleroderma, Limited
    Limited scleroderma is a condition that affects the body's connective tissue specifically only on the skin of the lower arms and legs, neck and face. It is also called CREST syndrome. [read more]

  16. Sclerotylosis
    Sclerotylosis is a rare inherited skin disorder characterized by atrophic skin fibrosis and keratoderma of the soles and palms, underdeveloped nails and bowel (gastrointestinal) cancer. Diagnosis of Sclerotylosis is achieved through simple clinical observation and examination of the affected area of the skin which may include skin biopsy, patch tests and other diagnostic procedures to confirm the presence of the disease. [read more]

  17. Scoliosis
    This is a medical condition wherein the person's spine is curved sideways and may also be rotated. When the spine is seen in x-rays, it may look more like a letter ‘S' or a ‘C'. It is categorized as congenital, idiopathic or developed due to a secondary symptom of another condition like celebral palsy. [read more]

  18. Scoliosis With Unilateral Unsegmented Bar
    Scoliosis with unilateral unsegmented bar is a medical condition marked by abnormal spinal development wherein two or more vertebrae fail to separate on one side of the spine which caused curvature of the spine. In this condition, several vertebrae are fused together on one side of the spine. The spine becomes increasingly curved to the point wherein lung and heart function becomes affected. [read more]

  19. Scombrotoxic Fish Poisoning
    Scombrotoxic fish poisoning, otherwise known as the Scombroid or the Histamine fish poisoning, is a medical condition that is usually caused to the bacterial spoilage of fish that breakdowns fish protein and produce byproducts like histamine. [read more]

  20. Scrapie
    Scrapie is a fatal and degenerative disease involving the nervous systems of goats and sheep. It is a contagious form of spongiform encephalopathy associated with chronic wasting disease of deer and mad cow disease. This contagious disorder can't infect humans. Scrapie is somehow similar to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and kuru in humans. This communicable disease predominantly affecting goats and sheep have a very long incubation period. [read more]



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