Free Online Database Of Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments


Here you can look through thousands of and diseases, ailments, medical conditions and illnesses. You can find the symptoms. Read about any ailment's diagnosis and find medications that can be used and the correct treatments that are needed.

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Diseases, Illnesses & Ailments Starting from Letter S

  1. Spondylarthritis
    Spondylarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease that is characterized by inflammation of the joints of the spine. It stands for a group of closely related disorders such as psoriatic arthritis, arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease and ankylosing spondylitis. In addition to chronic inflammation, ankylosis, stiffness and fusion of bones and peripheral joints of the spine are remarkable traits of this group of disorders, which are usually aggravated by anomalous cartilage and bone formation. The most remarkable symptoms that a person with spondylarthritis experience is back pain and impaired spine mobility along with the remarkable traits of the disorder. [read more]

  2. Spondylarthropathies
    Spondylarthropathies are inflammatory joint disorders. The spondylarthropathies include ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter's syndrome, the reactive arthritides, certain subsets of juvenile arthropathy including juvenile ankylosing spondylitis and the seronegative enthesopathic arthropathy syndrome, enteropathic sacroiliitis, psoriatic arthropathy, and possibly a group of rarer disorders such as Behqet's syndrome, Whipple's disease, and pustulotic arthro-osteitis. Different spondylarthropathies can be recognized and differentiated from one another according to the particular peripheral joints concerned, the presentation of clinical features, and the way leading to the progression of the disease. [read more]

  3. Spondylarthropathy
    Spondylarthropathy refers to a group of closely related inflammatory conditions affecting the sacroiliac joints, spine and in some cases other joints as well. Also referred to as seronegative arthropathy, this condition also involves other conditions such as inflammation of the urethra, alternating buttock pain, acute diarrhea, psoriasis, sacroiliitis or inflammatory bowel disease. Ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and reactive arthritis are some of the disorders within this group. [read more]

  4. Spondylitis
    Spondylitis is inflammation of one or more of bony vertebrae of the spine. In addition to this definition, spondylitis is also used to refer to any spinal column disorder. This also refers to a group of chronic inflammatory diseases that are forms of inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine, joints of the spine and other organs. The spondylitis family consists of the following conditions: ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile spondyloarthropathy, undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy, reactive, enteropathic and psoriatic arthritis; and Pott's disease. [read more]

  5. Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia
    Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia is a rare genetic bone growth disorder that leads to dwarfism, skeletal abnormalities, and in some cases visual and auditory disturbances. As the name of the disease suggests, this rare medical condition can be defined as a disease that affects the bone of the spine and the ends of bones and is actually presented at birth. [read more]

  6. Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Congenital Type
    Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, congenital type is a rare genetic bone growth disorder that leads to dwarfism, skeletal abnormalities, and in some cases visual and auditory disturbances. As the name of the disease suggests, this rare medical condition can be defined as a disease that affects the bone of the spine and the ends of bones which is present at birth. [read more]

  7. Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia
    Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia is a rare inherited bone growth disorder that leads to dwarfism, skeletal abnormalities, and visual problems. As the name of the disease suggests, this rare medical condition can be defined as a disease that affects the bone of the spine and two regions near the ends of bones. [read more]

  8. Spongiform Encephalopathy
    Spongiform encephalopathy is a rare inherited prion disease with a wide range of symptoms which are actual results of degeneration of the nervous system. [read more]

  9. sporotrichosis
    Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease affecting the skin but there are rare forms wherein the lungs, joints, bones and even the brain are affected. It is also referred to as rose-thorns or rose-gardener's disease because of the incidence that rose can spread the disease. SYMPTOMS Sporotrichosis progresses slowly and initial symptoms may present one to twelve weeks, usually at the average of three weeks after first fungal exposure. Symptoms may include the following • Appearance of small painless skin bump, which may appear in the finger, hand or arm • Boil-like lesions • Firm skin nodules which can be ulcerative or suppurative • Open sores • Skin ulcerations located along lymph nodes [read more]

  10. Spotted Fever
    Spotted fever can refer to two types which are Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Mediterranean spotted fever. Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsi, which are transmitted by ticks. Mediterranean spotted fever is a bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia conorii usually transmitted by ticks of dogs known as Rhipicephalus sanguineus. It is widespread among countries located along the Mediterranean Sea. [read more]

  11. Sprengel Deformity
    Sprengel deformity is a rare birth disorder wherein the shoulder blade is small and positioned high on the shoulders, which can affect arm movement. In some cases, the presence of a bony connection between the high positioned scapula and one cervical vertebra is observed known as omovertebral bone. The deformity is caused by descent failure of the shoulder blade during embryonic development. [read more]

  12. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of malignant cancer arising from epithelial cells which often affects various organs like skin, lips, esophagus, mouth, lungs, prostate, urinary bladder, cervix and vagina. [read more]

  13. Squints
    Squints, or strabismus, are an eye malfunction in which a child's eyes are not focused on the same direction. [read more]

  14. St. Anthony's Fire
    St. Anthony's fire is a very painful burning sensation in the arms and legs due to excessive exposure to ergotamines. Ergotamines are produced by particular fungi known as Claviceps purpurea, which usually contaminates rye and wheat. Ergotamines is a drug used for controlling migraine and in inducing abortion. Ergotamines are nerve toxins and can cause blood vessel constriction resulting in tissue death (gangrene). [read more]

  15. St. Louis Encephalitis
    St. Louis Encephalitis is defined as a disorder caused by the St. Louis Encephalitis virus borne by mosquitoes. This disease mainly affects the United States, but there were also a few reported cases from Canada and Mexico. [read more]

  16. Stable Angina
    Stable angina, which is also known as chronic stable angina, is a type of angina which causes chest pain and discomfort due to reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. [read more]

  17. Stagnant Syndrome
    Stagnant loop syndrome results when a portion of the small intestine has been cut off from the normal flow of food and digestive juices. It is sometimes called blind loop syndrome or stasis syndrome. [read more]

  18. Stammering
    Stammering or stuttering is a disorder that results in repeating or prolonging a word, syllable or phrase, or stopping during speech and making no sound for certain syllables. [read more]

  19. Staph Infection
    This infection is caused by staphylococcus. Staphylococcus is a type of Gram-positive bacteria. These bacteria are comprised of thirty-one species. It resides usually in the mucous membranes and skin of humans and other organisms and is usually harmless. If it resides deep in the body staph infection can be deadly. [read more]

  20. Staph Infections
    Staph infections are skin infections caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. [read more]

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